White Paper

Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs) or Driverless, Automatic Guided Industrial Vehicles, as they are officially labeled by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) have long been recognized as a successful solution to automatically move material to, from, and through manufacturing facilities, warehouses, distribution centers, and everywhere in-between. AGVs have been accomplishing this for over half a century. One of the most apparent values of AGVs is that they replace nonvalue- added repetitive material movement. 

AGVs have been known by an alphabet soup of names, and companies have tried to standout in the crowd with their own branding of AGV. Some examples include LGV (laser guided vehicle), SGV (self-guided vehicle), AGC (automatic guided cart), or even E’GV (Egemin guided vehicle). These brandings generally are a subset of the whole of what AGVs are. Think of a classroom being a subset of a whole school, and likewise an LGV is a subset of AGVs, being that they only use laser guidance for navigation. 

Over the past few years, a new name began appearing: AMR (Autonomous Mobile Robot). As the new kid on the block, AMRs have received a lot of attention, claiming to be the next great thing in automatic, driverless mobile vehicles/robots (but not AGVs). 

The reality is that AMRs, like AGCs and SGVs, are a subset of AGVs focused on a specific navigation technology, physical size/payload capabilities, environment, and routing abilities. Misinformation about AMRs paints a picture of AGVs as antiquated technology and thus obsolete. This myth is built on the selective omission of the leaps in AGV technology in the last 10 years, such as vision-based guidance, dynamic routing, and 3-D sensors (to name just a few). 

This white paper dispels the myths that claim AMRs to be superior to AGVs.

Read the entire white paper